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History

Ancient history and settlement.

Goa, situated within the Shimoga-Goa Greenstone Belt in the Western shows evidence for Acheulean occupation. Early Goan society faced drastic change when Indo-Aryan and Dravidian migrants merged with the primordial locals, forming the foundation of early Goan culture. Goa came under the governance of the Delhi Sultanate in the year 1312. Since the kingdom’s control on the region was weak, by 1370 it was surrendered to Harihara I of the Vijayanagara empire.

Geography

Ancient history and settlement.

Goa is spread within an area of 3,702 km2 (1,429 sq mi), lying between the latitudes 14°53′54″ N and 15°40′00″ N, longitudes 73°40′33″ E and 74°20′13″ E. It is a part of the coastal country known as the Konkan, which is a rising cliff up to the Western Ghats range of mountains that separate it from the Deccan Plateau. Sonsogor, which is the highest point has an altitude of 1,167 metres (3,829 ft).

With the Zuari and the Mandovi being the most important rivers, it has total seven major rivers- the Zuari, Mandovi, Terekhol, Chapora, Galgibag, Kumbarjua canal, Talpona and the Sal interspaced by the Kumbarjua canal, that forms gulf complex.

Map

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